Research Publications

Journal articles from PhD dissertation (Yet to defend/graduate)

  1. Vave, R. (2021). Five culturally protected water body practices in Fiji: Current status and contemporary displacement challenges. Ambio. [IF: 5.129 (2020)]
  2. Vave, R. (2021). Urban-Rural Compliance Variability to COVID-19 Restrictions of Indigenous Fijian (iTaukei) Funerals in Fiji. Asia Pacific Journal of Public Health, 33(6-7), 767-774. [IF: 1.399 (2021)]

Other journal articles (during PhD)

  1. Sterling EJ, Pascua P, Sigouin A, Gazit, N., Mandle, L., Betley, E., Aini, J., Albert, S., Caillon, S., Caselle, J.E., Cheng, S.H., Claudet, J., Dacks, R., Darling,E.S., Filardi, C., Jupiter, S.D., Mawyer, A., Mejia, M., Morishige, K., Nainoca, W., Parks, J., Tanguay, J., Ticktin, T., Vave, R., Wase, V., Wongbusarakum, S and McCarter, J. (2020). Creating a space for place and multidimensional well-being: lessons learned from localizing the SDGs. Sustainability Science. 2020/07/01 2020;15(4):1129-1147. [IF: 5.301 (2019)]
  2. Sterling, E. J., Filardi, C., Toomey, A., Sigouin, A., Betley, E., Gazit, N., Newell, J., Albert, S., Alvira, D., Bergamin, N., Blair, M., Burrows., K., Bynum, N., Caillon, S., Claudet, J., Cullman, G., Dacks, R., Eyzaguirre, P.B., Gray, S., Herrera, J., Kenilorea, P., Kinney, K., Kurashima, N., MacEy, S., Malone, C., Mauli, S., McCarter, J., McMillen, H., Pascua, P., Pikacha, P., Porzecanski, A.L., De Robert, P., Salpeteur, M., Sirikolo, M., Stege, M.H., Stege, K., Ticktin, T., Vave, R., Wali, A., West, P., Winter, K.B. and Jupiter, S. D. (2017). Biocultural approaches to well-being and sustainability indicators across scales. Nature Ecology and Evolution, 1(12). [IF: 12.541 (2019)]
  3. Huntington, H. P., Begossi, A., Gearheard, S. F., Kersey, B., Loring, P. A., Mustonen, T., Paudel, P.K., Silvano, R.A.M and Vave, R. (2017). How small communities respond to environmental change: Patterns from tropical to polar ecosystems. Ecology and Society. 22(3):9. [IF: 3.310 (2010)]

Magazine articles

  1. Vave, R. (2019). Fiji: Changing expressions of grieving in indigenous Fijian funerals. UNESCO ICH Courier Online, 38, 18-19.

Book chapters

  1. Loper, C., Pomeroy, R., Hoon, V., McConney, P., Pena, M., Sanders, A., Sriskanthan, G., Vergara, S., Pido, M., Vave, R., Vieux, C and Wanyoni, I. (2009). Socioeconomic conditions along the world’s tropical coasts: 2008.
  2. Veitayaki, J., Tawake, A., Bogiva, A., Meo, S., Ravula, N., Vave, R., and Fong, P.S. (2005) Addressing human factors in fisheries development and regulatory processes in Fiji: the Mositi Vanuaso experience. In: Ocean Yearbook. University of Chicago Press, Chicago, pp. 289-306. ISBN 9789004157552
  3. Vuki, V.C., Naqasima, M. and Vave, R. (2000). Status of Fiji’s coral reefs. In: Salvat, B, Wilkinson C, South GR (eds). Proceedings of the International Coral Reef Initiative Regional Symposium, Noumea, 22-24 May 2000.

#academic, #environment, #fiji, #funeral, #itaukei, #oceania, #pacific, #publications, #research

Journal article publication

Vave, R. (2021). Urban-Rural Compliance Variability to COVID-19 Restrictions of Indigenous Fijian (iTaukei) Funerals in Fiji. Asia Pacific Journal of Public Health, 0(0), 10105395211005921.


Research on coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has focused primarily on impacts in Western societies despite emerging evidence of increased vulnerability among indigenous peoples such as Pacific Islanders. Using Facebook public posts, this research assessed compliance to COVID-19 restrictions such as social gatherings (SG) and social distancing (SD) in non-COVID-19, indigenous Fijian (iTaukei) funerals in Fiji. Results showed 95% of the 20 funerals exceeding SG limits with greater, and highly variable crowd sizes in rural than urban communities. Additionally, 75% of the 20 funerals did not adhere to the 2-m SD requirement of which 80% were in rural areas. Higher SG and SD compliance in urban funerals could be partially explained by the presence of a recognized authority who enforced crowd size limits, and the heterogeneous urban community who were more likely to flag breaches than their collectivistic, homogeneous, close-knit, rural counterparts. Ultimately, health authorities need to utilize a social lens that incorporates etic and emic differences in culture to ensure maximum compliance.

Keywords: COVID-19FacebookFijifuneral cultureindigenousPacificrestrictionsocial gathering

#covid-19, #fiji, #funeral, #indigenous, #Pacific, #oceania, #Facebook, #research #restrictions #social #gathering #distance #compliance #Oceania

1 year of fieldwork

Just got back into Fiji on August 23rd 2016. Here for one year of fieldwork, till August 2017. This could be extended to December 2017 which naturally hinges on progress in fieldwork. Specifically, on my ecological surveys of Marine Protected Areas that are established for 100 nights following burials. 100 nights is a little over three months and I need to survey at least five of these Funerary Protected Areas (FPAs).

First things first. Before starting fieldwork, I had to have a catchup of local, fresh food. This called for a trip with my wife to the local market in the capital on Saturday  (August 27th at around 6am). Oh the abundance of fresh food which are way better priced than in Hawaii. 

Things we got:

  1. Lumi wawa (seaweed) that will be blanched in hot water, doused in coconut milk and topped with chilli. To be had with cassava.
  2. Lots of vegetables 
  3. Also got ready made kokoda (raw fish that had been marinated in lemon juice, now swimming in coconut milk with chilli). A container of ready made octopus lunch, similar to the kokoda was next to it. So, can’t buy one without the other. Lol. Also got cooked cassava to go with it 
  4. Underground oven (lovo) baked Grated cassava for breakfast

The meals that followed this market trip was some of the best meals we’ve had in a while. It takes getting us out of the country for 2 years to 

Research in Fiji’s newspaper

News article below was in Fiji’s newspaper, The Fiji Sun (August 14th 2016)

Page 22

#cost, #data, #death, #economics, #fiji, #funeral, #indigenous, #itaukei, #phd, #research, #ron-vave, #somate

First infographic release

Attached is an infographic containing preliminary findings of my research on ‘costs of indigenous Fijian (iTaukei) funerals in Fiji’.

Goals of this infographic are to:

  1. raise awareness on my research on funerals till 2018 or 2019 which can often be quite awkward,
  2. generate discussions and gather feedback and comments on infographic
  3. and equally important, to gather more iTaukei funeral financial data from across Fiji, from those who managed financials for their loved ones funeral. No pressure 🙂 If you’re willing to share funeral financial data with me, your name and the names of your loved ones will be, by and large, kept confidential. The only exception to this confidentiality clause is with the Universities Institutional Review Board and my Primary Adviser. If you have any questions, please don’t hesitate to email me at

Given the possibility that images posted on Facebook, such as this infographic, often end up with a lower resolution and could therefore be unclear, I have uploaded a high resolution version of this inforagphic which can be downloaded from

Special Notes:

  1. These are preliminary findings
  2. They are based on a very small dataset (30 funerals so far). Thanks to those who have contributed funeral financial data for their loved ones and to those who have assisted in connecting me with those who have managed funeral finances.
  3. Very important, this preliminary findings contain only a very small part of my research on iTaukei funerals. The economics chapter of my dissertation will cover more than just monetary contributions and include non-monetary contributions as well (such as those from condolence or reguregu). It will also look at what funds are used for. Other chapters of my dissertation look at the iTaukei funeral sociocultural practice (and the changes, drivers of change etc); on the changes that occur in tabu areas (what I’m calling “Funerary Protected Areas”) that are established on the reef, river and/or plantation, following the burial of a loved one (Note: this is only a practice in some parts of the country, one that I’m still mapping); and on the harvest of the Funerary Protected Area. So, the important point here is that, while I’m only presenting preliminary results of ‘costs of itaukei funerals’ in this infographic, it is but a very small piece of this research and will, in the next few years be connected to the social and ecological aspects, that will make the story, somewhat whole.

Vinaka vaka levu, Mahalo and Thank you. God bless, ron

#cost, #culture, #economics, #fiji, #finance, #finding, #funeral, #indigenous, #infographic, #itaukei, #phd, #preliminary, #reguregu, #research, #result, #ron-vave, #somate, #vave, #viti

Government research on itaukei funerals

Yippee!! Finally got IRB approval on revisions

Finally received approval from the Universities Institutional Review Board (IRB) yesterday (Thursday, July 28th 2016, 3:33pm), on changes to my research methods/protocol which was first approved on October 23rd 2015. Changes include the use of an infographic and my blog to raise awareness on my research and through that process, find willing research participants and gather data as well. Mediums of sharing include Facebook, email and of course, via the blog itself.
Infographic has frequently undergone numerous transformation over the past 3 weeks and contains preliminary findings on ‘costs of indigenous Fijian funerals in Fiji’.
Over this past 3 weeks, the infographic was sent out to select people in Fiji and abroad, for feedback and comments. To those who had provided data for this infographic, Vinaka vaka levu, Mahalo and Thank you. Some of the feedback was used in the revision of the infographic while others were taken as advice on things to think about for improving dissertation (either in the data collection stage, analysis and/or writeup).
Infographic will soon be available for release.

#blog, #change, #funeral, #infographic, #institutional-review-board, #irb, #research, #research-protocol, #university-of-hawaii


Since finishing my Comps last Friday (July 1st) and passing (Woohoo!!!), Thank you Lord, I got straight into two things:

  1. Physical exercise in preparation for the qualifying tests for the Universities Scientific Diving course and
  2. Developing an infographic (my very first) on one small component of my dissertation chapter on indigenous Fijian funeral economics

The goal of this infographic is to visually share preliminary results (based on only 13 funeral financials) and in that process of sharing, generate awareness, interest and discussions. In this infographic, I’m also requesting for more financial information on indigenous Fijian funerals.

Examples of infographics.

Why am I resorting to an infographic?

  1. Because it seems like images and videos are shared widely via social media and I could get more reach that way, than blog only and/or directly communicating with people.
  2. Because visually presented information may stick better in peoples minds

The process now

  1. Draft 1 of infographic has been sent to my Dissertation Committee members and select people in Fiji to gather their feedback and comments.
  2. Infographic will be revised based on comments, followed by one more final round of feedback and revision
  3. Final infographic with explanation of revised  process for raising awareness and information collection, will be sent to the Universities Institutional Review Board (IRB) as an amendment to my previously approved research protocol
  4. Once approved by IRB, I’ll then post it here on my blog, share it on social media and email it widely to relatives, friends and former colleagues. Then it’s a waiting game in which I’ll start to draft other infographics.

#culture, #death, #fiji, #funeral, #indigenous, #infographic, #itaukei, #phd, #process, #research, #ron-vave, #vave

My steps to making a poster

I’m sure there’s many processes out there to making a poster. People have their own styles and preferences too which could make their process slightly different. Here’s my process and a web link to my poster.

Before starting on the poster, make sure to read the guidelines as given by the conference organizers. These would include things such as size or dimensions of poster, preferred format, fonts etc.

As to the software for making posters, it’s possible to make them in Microsoft PowerPoint and save them as JPEG or PDF. For this poster, I used Adobe Photoshop CS 6.

Okay on to the process for making my recent poster:

  1. Knowing my research and the audience, what are 1 to 2 key messages I’d like people to get from the poster?
    1. wrote this out in short bullet points
  2. Develop a catchy title based on key messages
  3. Using key messages (the bullet points), what visuals (graphs and images) do I need that could relay the key messages thereby reducing the amount of text I need
  4. Insert visuals into poster
  5. Start drafting text for each visual
  6. Each major change in text and visual, I saved as a new version. My original was version 1 and had v1 in the filename. 2nd version had v2 and so forth. I created many such versions because there has been instances before where, for example, I’m on 12th version of poster and figured that version 6 was probably better. So, it’ll be easier to revert back to that version. This would not have been possible if I only had one master file and kept on overwriting any changes made. For my recent poster, there was 13 versions.

By the 11th or 12th version, a draft was sent around widely for comments. Lots of great feedback was received so there was some more revision done. The looming deadline to print poster and have it put up in conference venue will help, push people like me, to wrap up changes and print.

Lastly, there is no one way to make a poster. They are as diverse as we are so choose whatever works for you.

Good luck!!

#condolence, #conference, #cpue, #cultural, #culture, #dalo, #diver-operated-video, #dov, #ecological-resilience, #economic, #fiji, #fiji-locally-managed-marine-area, #fijian, #flmma, #food, #fpa, #funeral, #funerary-protected-area, #harvest, #itaukei, #locally-managed-marine-area, #mats, #mpa, #natural-resource, #pacific, #phd, #plantation, #poster, #process, #reef, #river, #social-resilience, #socioeconomic, #south-pacific, #taboo, #tabu, #taro, #tradition

Conference poster

Its been a while since I’ve had to make a poster. Thank God for times I’d spent playing with and in the process, learning Adobe Photoshop. The skills and knowledge gained from that was initially just used on photographs, but now, in the making of my poster (high resolution poster available at this weblink).

As I worked on my poster, day and night (sometimes in the early mornings), I wonder how difficult it must be for others who need help with the making of their poster. Having to wait around for that person to be available before you can actually make changes to the poster. This poster of mine has gone through more than 30 revisions.

A lesson to offer: Every time I make a revision, either in the graphic or major changes to text, I save it as a new version. Because I never know, if further down the line, I change my mind and prefer the older version. So, rather than constantly overwriting earlier versions of the poster, I continue to make new editions and save it as a new file.

Although this poster was made in Adobe Photoshop, the graphic on the lower left, was made in Microsoft PowerPoint. I’ll write in my next post how this poster came about.

My poster will be different from many posters in this upcoming conference for two reasons:

  1. its not presenting results of my research but what I’m planning to do my research on (actually, its underway)
  2. There’s a mixture of posters and oral presentations in this conference. Mixture in the sense that, some are purely about the natural and physical science aspects. Some are a combination of the science and local communities. Mine falls into this second category but with greater emphasis on cultural associations of indigenous Fijian funerals with sustainable resource management and conservation.

Tomorrow (Sunday, June 19th 2016) starts the 13th International Coral Reef Symposium (ICRS), here in Honolulu (Hawaii). This conference is held every four years. I was blessed to have been a part of the 12th ICRS which was held in Cairns, Australia.

#chief, #condolence, #coral-reef, #culture, #custom, #death, #diver-operated-video, #ecological-resilience, #feast, #fiji, #fiji-locally-managed-marine-area, #fish, #flmma, #food, #fpa, #funeral, #funerary-protected-area, #indigenous, #itaukei, #lmma, #locally-managed-marine-area, #mangrove, #marine-protected-area, #mpa, #passing, #phd, #reef, #research, #ritual, #river, #social-resilience